With 2019 behind us, it looks like the number of people who traveled outside the U.S. and was diagnosed with Zika, dropped significantly.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also found that there were no local Zika virus transmissions on the continental U.S. as of December 2019. Florida and California were the two states that reported travel-related Zika cases.
According to the data from the California Department of Health, most of the Zika cases reported in 2019 were found in San Diego (seven) county. Orange and Los Angeles counties also reported cases of Zika. Zika travel-related cases were also reported in various parts of Mexico in mid-December with the Jalisco state of Mexico reporting 48 cases. In Sinaloa and Morelos, there were 27 and 28 cases reported.
The Florida Department of Health Arbovirus Surveillance Report noted 17 residents who visited the Caribbean countries of Cuba and Haiti were to have been infected with the virus. In other Florida counties, there were more than 30 cases of Zika in the state.
And the health department said it was watching 20+ pregnant women tested positive for Zika.
The Pan American Health Organization reported nearly 32,000 cases of Zika virus cases in 2019, with Brazil leading the number of cases at 27,052. In Puerto Rico, which is a U.S. territory, there were 57 local cases of Zika.
Since March 2015, there have been numerous recordings of Zika virus outbreaks with Brazil reporting the most cases. In October 2015, Brazil health officials noted a link between Zika and microcephaly.
The World Health Organization said 86 countries and territories have reported cases of mosquito-transmitted Zika virus infections.
What Are The Signs Of A Zika Infection?
Most people who are infected with Zika have no symptoms, but those that do tend to experience mild ones such as fever, muscle and joint pain, headaches, lethargy, rash and conjunctivitis. They can last up to seven days.
What Are The Complications Of The Disease?
A pregnant woman with Zika may have a fetus who has congenital abnormalities, which can lead to pre-term birth, stillbirth or fetal loss.
Microcephaly is the result of brain tissue death or abnormal brain development. What extent of brain damage determines the child’s overall outcome.
Congenital Zika can lead to other health issues such as eye abnormalities, hearing loss, high muscle tone and limb contractures.
Zika can also lead to Guillain-Barre syndrome, myelitis and neuropathy in both children and adults.